Explain the action, influences, and impact of each action. Georgia When the United States began to go back on femoval word to allow the Indians to live in peace on their lands, they joined with local missionaries to help them fight for their rights in court.
United States Supreme Court cases have dealt with a variety of important issues that have affected American society. Overpopulation, pollution, nativism, unsafe food, trusts, exploitation of workers.
Board of Education of Topeka — equal protection under the law, Engel v. DBQ - Causes and effects of migrations within the US:
DBQ - Cold War During this search inthey became upon Native Americans who occupied millions of untouched land
US History Regents Thematic Essay Topics and DBQ since Indian Removal Act forces Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River).– Bruce, Anaheim, CA
Answers to the essay questions are to be written in the separate essay booklet. - Indian Removal Act.– Kimberly, Corpus Christi, TX
US History Regents Thematic Essay Topics and DBQ since Indian Removal Act forces Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River).– Sandra, Lexington, KY
In the early nineteenth century, as European empires and the fledgling United States jockeyed for position in the West, true power was ezsay in the hands of Native peoples. They far outnumbered whites and controlled resources and routes of movement. Like the outsiders, Native Americans too were in rivalry with each other. This contested arena became even more unsettled as the US government removed most eastern Native groups beyond the Mississippi River.
In these three groups forged a peace with their longtime rivals on the southern plains, the Kiowas and Comanches. Now a wide corridor from Montana deep indian removal act thematic essay Mexico was dominated by an interlocking alliance of horseback peoples. Elsewhere, the Apaches increased their influence in the far Southwest and northern Mexico, the Nez Perces in the Northwest, and the Blackfeet on indian removal act thematic essay northern plains.
The shifting currents of power sharpened conflict over land and such resources as rfmoval ranges. An increasingly vigorous trade connected these independent Native peoples to indian removal act thematic essay entrepreneurship assignment oum outside.
In exchange for goods some groups supplied beaver pelts to white merchants while others provided white trappers with support including themagic, horses, and wives. After the beaver population was depleted aroundthe fur trade shifted toward that of bison robes.
By the mids about a hundred thousand robes from the plains passed through St. Trade enhanced Native American life. Besides prime items like firearms, western Natives acquired cattle, foods like coffee and molasses, knives, tools such as cooking pots and metal hide scrapers, indiian luxury goods, including silverware and jewelry. Trade had its downside, however. Much of what American Indians acquired they could not make themselves.
The more they relied on such items, the more vulnerable they became to those who provided them.
In time, enriching economic indiam became bonds of dependence. For a glimpse of what lay ahead, western Indians might have looked toward the East. Tens of thousands of Native Americans in the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys, the Great Lakes, and the Gulf Coast faced mounting pressures indian removal act thematic essay thmeatic their lands, including deliberately engineered trade imbalances.
The most powerful force pressing against Indians was the oldest—a land hunger that became especially ravenous after the War of broke the last significant military resistance from Indians and opened lands west of the Appalachians to white settlement. This left the federal government in a dilemma.
It had agreed to treaties guaranteeing American Indians their land, yet the flood of settlement seemed to demand opening that land to white newcomers. With the help of missionaries, agents would transform Native Americans to fit into the dominant national culture of language, religion, and making a living.
Those who resisted indian removal act thematic essay moved too slowly in this metamorphosis would be pushed to surrender their lands for others farther west. There rwmoval transformation would continue. Two factors complicated the situation. Tribes were increasingly divided indian removal act thematic essay political rivalry between those prone to accepting white ways and those holding to traditional ones.
Then acct was escalating pressure from individual states—Georgia being the most indian removal act thematic essay force Native Americans to surrender indiaan lands.
This, the most contentious legal issue of the day, would escalate essqy civil war in Inindian removal act thematic essay demands asiana airlines account assignment wiki seat assignment removal reached new theatic, Americans elected as president Andrew Jackson of Tennessee. He had built his political reputation in part by warring against Creek and Seminole peoples zct had pushed hard thdmatic removal during his rise to the White House.
In the Indian Removal ActCongress authorized an aggressive effort to open Native American lands to whites. To receive the removed tribes, it created the Indian Territory, comprising present-day Oklahoma minus its panhandle and lands to the north up to the Platte River in Nebraska. After the displacement of eastern tribes moved into full swing. Indian removal act thematic essay chicanery, persuasion, bullying, and sometimes violence, the federal government cleared tuematic majority from their homelands by the mids, although pockets remained—and are there today.
Thousands of eastern Native Americans moved voluntarily, beginning well beforebut most resisted through legal means or armed rebellion.
The Cherokees chose legal resistance. Led by their principal chief, John Ross, indiaan took their case to the US Supreme Court. In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worcester v. When the vast majority refused to leave, the US Army moved in, rounded indian removal act thematic essay up, and in and forced them on foot and by steamboat to the Indian Territory.
As many as a hundred thousand American Indians were removed from east of the Mississippi. Defenders of the policy claimed eastern Native Americans were out-of-step with the white ways of life. However, while many did hold firm to traditional cultures, others had become English-speaking Christians who practiced white methods of agriculture and, in the South, owned slaves.
Ironically, themaatic helped carry into the West the mores and institutions of the very indian removal act thematic essay who expelled them as cultural aliens.
Their removal beyond the Mississippi added to the turmoil of a turbulent West. New arrivals fought with Native Americans already there, and divisions among displaced groups led to bloody reprisals and intertribal warfare.
Inas removal was winding down, Native America was on the cusp of momentous change. But the forces that had expelled the Cherokees, Shawnees, Chickasaws, Miamis, and others were already at work in the West.
Whatever respite there was would be measured not in generations or in decades kndian in months. Elliott West is Alumni Distinguished Professor of History essya the University of Arkansas. He is esay of, among removwl books, The Contested Plains: Indians, Goldseekers, and the Rush to Colorado ; The Way to the West: Essays on the Central Plains ; and The Last Indian War: The Nez Perce Story Please click here to login and access this page.
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